The International Office for Human Rights Action on Colombia

Assessment of the implementation of point 3 of the Peace Agreement – End of the Conflict

Point 3 of the Peace Agreement aims to create the necessary conditions to put an end to the armed conflict between the Colombian National Government and the now dismantled FARC-EP. For this, structural measures are necessary, such as the laying down of arms, guarantees for the reincorporation of former combatants, and an agreement on guarantees for security and the fight against criminal organisations and behaviours. The first measures have been almost entirely implemented, while the others, composed of medium- and long-term regulatory provisions, still need to be implemented (Kroc, 2021: 18 and 97).



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Assessment of the implementation of point 4 of the Peace Agreement- Voluntary substitution of illicit crops/Solution to the illicit Drug Problem

The Peace Agreement has mechanisms aimed at structurally solving the problem of the production and trafficking of narcotics. The aim is to intervene in the different levels of the drug trafficking chain to comprehensively address this phenomenon (Kroc, 2021: 115). The provisions in point 4 of the Agreement are envisioned as long-term programs, requiring strong