The International Office for Human Rights Action on Colombia

Extractive industries, natural resources and human rights in Colombia

Summary of the multiple links between mining industry activities and human rights violations in Colombia. Joint document by the Colombian Platform for Human Rights, Democracy and Development and Oidhaco.

In recent years, there has been an intense debate in Colombia about the role of mining in the national development process. The country is experiencing a boom in mining activity. In a decade the coal mined in the country has almost doubled, from 38,242 million tons in the year 2000 to 74,350 million tons in 2010 ; in addition, the area of land given titles for mining has soared in recent years. In 2002 there were mining concessions over 1.1 million hectares, while in 2009, concessions had been awarded over 8.4 million hectares .