The International Office for Human Rights Action on Colombia

More information about cookies

More information about cookies

What is a cookie?

Cookies are harmless text files that are placed in your browser by almost every website you visit. They’re useful in that they let the website remember your previous visit when you come back. Although many people do not know it, cookies have been used for 20 years, since the first browsers for the World Wide Web appeared.

What is NOT a cookie?

It is not a virus, nor a Trojan, nor a worm, nor spam, nor spyware, nor does it open pop-up windows.

What information is stored in a cookie?

Cookies do not usually store sensitive data about you, such as credit card numbers, bank account details, photographs, your ID number or personal information, etc. They only retain technical data, personal preferences, content customisation, etc. The web server does not associate you with a physical person, but onlywith the web browser you are using. In fact, if you regularly browse a website with Internet Explorer and then try switching to Firefox or Chrome, you will notice that the websitecannot tell thatit is the same person surfing.

What types of cookies are there?

Technical cookies: They are the most basic ones and their objective is, among other things, to tell whetherit is a human or an automated bot who is browsing, orwhether it is an anonymous user or a registered one, and to allow basic tasks for any dynamic website to work properly.
Analytics cookies: They collect information about yourway of surfing: sections mostly visited, products viewed, surfing time slots, language, etc.
Advertising cookies: They show advertisements based on your browsing, your country of origin, your language, etc.

What are Own cookies and Third-party cookies?

Own cookies are generated by the website you are visiting,whileThird-partycookies are generated by external services or providers such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.

What happens if I disable cookies?

  • To let you understand the consequences that disabling cookies mayproduce, here are some examples:
  • You will not be able to share content from that website on Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
  • The website will not be able to adapt the content to your personal preferences, as it is often the casefor online stores.
  • You will not be able to access your personal area of that website, such as My account, My profile or My orders.
  • Online stores: It will be impossible for you to pay online; you will be forced to pay by phone or to turn toa physical store if there isany.
  • It will not be possible for you to customise your geographic preferences such as time zone, currency or language.
  • The website will not be able to perform web analytics on its visitors ortraffic, and therefore it will be difficult for the website to be competitive.
  • You will not be able to write on the blog, upload photos, leave comments, or rate contents. The website will also not be able to tell if you are a human or an automated bot that spreads spam.
  • It will not be possible to display personalised advertisements, and that will reduce the advertising revenue of the website.
  • All social networks use cookies, if you disable cookies you will not be able to use any of them.

Can cookies be deleted?

Yes, they can. Not only can they be deleted, but also blocked, either in whole or in part for a specific domain. To delete cookies from a website, go to your browser settings, look for those that are associated with the domain in question, and then delete them.

Cookie settings for the most popular browsers

Here’s how to access a specific cookie in your Chrome browser. Note: these steps may vary depending on your browser version.

  1. Go to “Settings” or “Preferences”, via the “File” menu or the customization icon at the top right.
  2. You will see severalsections, click on“Show advanced options”.
  3. Go to “Privacy”, then “Content Settings”.
  4. Select “All cookies and site data”.
  5. A list with all cookies sorted by domain will appear. To make it easier to find cookies for a specific domain, enter the address partially or completely in the “Search cookies” field.
  6. After applyingthe filter, one or more lines with the cookies from the requested website will be displayed on the screen. Just select the cookies you wish to delete and press “X” to proceed to their removal.

To access the cookie settings in the Internet Explorer browser, follow these steps (they may vary depending on your browser version):

  1. Go to “Tools”, then select“Internet options”
  2. Click on “Privacy”.
  3. Move the slider to adjust the level of privacy you desire.

To access the cookie settings in the Firefox browser, follow these steps (they may vary depending on your browser version):

  1. Go to “Options” or “Preferences”, depending on your operating system.
  2. Click on “Privacy”.
  3. In the“History”section, select “Use custom settings for history”.

You will see the “Accept cookies” option; you can enable ordisable it according to your preference.

To access the cookie settings in the Safari browser for OS X, follow these steps (they may vary depending on your browser version):

  1. Go to “Preferences”, then “Privacy”.
  2. In this section you will find the “Block cookies” option, you can use it to adjust the level of blocking you desire.

To access the cookie settings in the Safari browser for iOS follow these steps (they may vary depending on your browser version):

  1. Go to “Settings”, then select “Safari”.
  2. Go to “Privacy and Security”, you will find the “Block cookies” option, you can use it to adjust the level of blocking you desire.

To access the cookie settings in the browser in Android devices, follow these steps (they may vary depending on your browser version):

  1. Open the browser and press the “Menu”button, then select“Settings”.
  2. Go to “Security and Privacy”, you will find the “Accept cookies”option that you can enable or disable in the check box.

To access the cookie settings in the browser in Windows Phone devices, follow these steps (they may vary depending on your browser version):

  1. Open Internet Explorer, select“More”, then “Settings”
  2. You can enable or disable the “Allow cookies” option in the check box.